Nietzsche, Friedrich

(born on October 15, 1844 in Röcken / died on August 25, 1900 in Weimar)
Friedrich Nietzsche was a German philosopher and philologist. He is famous for developing an original criticism of western culture, which includes western metaphysics, rationalism, religion, dualism, nihilism, moral and political values like democracy, socialism or egalitarianism. His process consists of deconstructing big guiding ideas that organise western culture, with concepts like the will to power, Dionysian forces, the Übermensch (superman) and eternal return.